The interaction of sight is more fundamental than that of dialogue. In many cases, dialogue is an attempt to express how he is looking at it figuratively and linguistically. Dialogue is an attempt to discover how he is looking. — John Berger, “Ways of Seeing”,1972.

The contemporary philosophy has a following view though John Berger talks like that.

We are the ones who cut out the target of observation linguistically and give light to different aspects of what we are seeing.

This is called “theory-ladenness”(by Norwood Hanson) in the context of philosophy of science.

# In the philosophy of science, observations are said to be “theory‐laden” when they are affected by the theoretical presuppositions held by the investigator.

presupposition :
a thing tacitly assumed beforehand at the beginning of a line of argument or course of action


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